Farm to Fly with Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative (CAAFI)




“Farm to Fly 2.0” State Initiatives Making Progress 14 July 2014--The first half of 2014 was a period of significant successes on the East Coast relating to the "Farm to Fly 2.0" (F2F2) initiative, an agreement between the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) and the Department of Agriculture (USDA) to continue to work together to advance the use of renewable fuels in the aviation industry. Three projects in Vermont and South Carolina have received particular media attention over the last week. Projects in both states are funded by the USDA’s Rural Business Enterprise Grant (RBEG)... Read More

Biodiesel, Oilheat





CHARLOTTE, Vt. - Waste from dairy farms and beer breweries could provide the necessary ingredients to grow algae-based biofuels, leaders of a project designed to research this technology said on Tuesday. Matt Cota, executive director of the Vermont Fuel Dealers Association, announced that the U.S. Department of Agriculture awarded the association a $51,000 grant to research biofuel technology using algae during a news conference at the Nordic Dairy Farm in Charlotte... Read More

Up scaling of selected strains & mass culturing




The wheel was invented long ago – we are implementing it with oleaginous algal strains: since early 1950s Oswald and his group at Berkley, CA studied the algae-bacterial relationship in detail & developed “Advanced Integrated Wastewater Ponds” systems recorded to remove over 90% of Nitrogen. U.S. Department of Energy’s (DoE) two decades of NREL Aquatic Species Program (ASP) demonstrated biofuel production from algae, but a cost-effective technology is yet to be found. In the final report, ASP-NREL recommended that a cost-effective approach would be to combine efforts of algae production for biodiesel with wastewater treatment and demonstration of such a facility is needed in future R&D. The future is here…

Nutrient composition of wastewaters supports algae growth symbiotically growing with other microbes, and studies have proven that algae fed on dairy manure can recover significant amount of nitrogen and phosphorous. And oleaginous algae can do the job. Our strains cultured in dairy manure wastewater can remove significantly higher amounts of ammonium nitrate nitrogen and total nitrogen compared to Chlorella cultures

Harvesting and Oil extraction




Algal cells are like incompressible balloons suspended in liquid media. We harvest algae and extract oil by cost effective methods, including mechanical and chemical.

Many methods of processing the algae biomass for the oil are available: cell disruption, pretreatment, centrifugal recovery transesterification, bacterial milking etc. Efficient conversion of algal biomass is an unsolved problem. Our success criterion is to extract oil with minimum intervention so that the byproducts could be utilized for other valued products (fertilizer, animal feed, chemicals for pharmaceuticals etc.), which is a systems approach. The (FAME) analysis for oil as triacyl glycerols (TAG) demonstrated GSR strains contain the carbon range required for biofuel production.